Journal of Traditional Medical Complementary Therapies

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Yenidoğan Bebeği Olan Annelerin Kendileri ve Bebekleri İçin Yaptıkları Geleneksel Uygulamalar ve İlişkili Faktörler:Kesitsel Bir Çalışma
Traditional Practices of Mothers with Newborn Babies for Themselves and Their Babies and Related Factors:A Cross-Sectional Study
İlgün ÖZEN ÇINARa , Şenay ÖZBEKb, Edanur ÖZKAYAa
aPamukkale Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Halk Sağlığı Hemşireliği ABD, Denizli, Türkiye
bPamukkale Üniversitesi Sağlık Uygulama ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Denizli, Türkiye
J Tradit Complem Med. 2023;6(3):201-10
doi: 10.5336/jtracom.2023-96403
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Amaç: Araştırmada, yenidoğan bebeği olan annelerin ilk 28 günde kendilerine ve bebeklerine yaptıkları geleneksel uygulamaların ve ilişkili faktörlerin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Kesitsel tipteki araştırma, yenidoğan bebeği olan (0-28 gün) 305 anne ile tamamlanmıştır. Veri toplama aracı araştırmacılar tarafından oluşturulan tanımlayıcı formdur. Veriler, 20 Mart-30 Temmuz 2022 tarihleri arasında yüz yüze görüşme ile toplanmıştır. Bulgular: Araştırmada annelerin yaş ortalaması 29,28±5,3'tür. Çalışmada yenidoğanların %51,1'i kız ve %63,3'ü 22-28 günlüktür. Çalışmaya katılan annelerin %64,3'ü en az bir geleneksel uygulama yaparken %52,8'i bebek bakımı, %42,6'sı lohusalık ile ilgili geleneksel uygulama yapmaktadır. En sık yapılan geleneksel uygulamalar; annelerin kendileri için al yazma/toka/örtü ile albasmasından korunma ve albasması olmaması için yalnız bırakılmama, bebekleri için; tuzlama, göbek bağının gömülmesi ve sarı kıyafetler giydirme/örtme olduğu görülmüştür. Annelerin geleneksel uygulama yapmaları ile; yaşanılan yer, eğitim, yaş, çalışma durumu, gelir, aile yapısı, aile büyükleri ile yaşama, bebeğin kaçıncı çocuk olduğu, düşük/ölü doğum öyküsü, bebeğin yaşı, hastanede kalış süresi, geleneksel uygulamaları yararlı bulma durumu, lohusalık ve bebek bakımında geleneksel uygulamalar ile ilgili bilgi durumu arasında anlamlı bir farklılık belirlenmiştir. Sonuç: Anneler kendileri ve bebekleri için geleneksel uygulama yapmaya devam etmektedir. Bu uygulamalardan bazıları yenidoğan döneminde başlamaktadır. Anneler yenidoğan döneminde hemşireler tarafından transkültürel yaklaşımla bilgilendirilmelidir. Doğum sonrası hastanede kalışta ve bebek çocuk izlemlerinde geleneksel uygulamalara yönelik gözlemler yapılmalı, eğitimler planlanmalı ve etkili bir şekilde yürütülmelidir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Geleneksel tıp; yenidoğan; bebek bakımı; postpartum dönem
ABSTRACT
Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the traditional practices and related factors that mothers with newborn babies carry out for themselves and their babies in the first 28 days. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was completed with 305 mothers with newborn babies (0-28 days). The data collection tool was a descriptive form created by the researchers. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews between March 20 and July 30, 2022. Results: The mean age of the mothers in the study was 29.28±5.3 years. In the study, 51.1% of the newborns were girls and 63.3% were 22-28 days old. While 64.3% of the mothers participating in the study practiced at least one traditional practice, 52.8% practiced traditional practices related to infant care and 42.6% practiced traditional practices related to puerperium. It was observed that the most frequently practiced traditional practices were protection from puerperal fever with al writing/tokka/scarf for the mothers themselves and not being left alone to prevent puerperal fever, salting, burying the umbilical cord and dressing/dressing in yellow clothes for their babies. A significant difference was found between the mothers' use of traditional practices and place of residence, education, age, employment status, income, family structure, living with elders, number of children, history of miscarriage/mortality, age of the baby, duration of hospitalization, finding traditional practices useful, and knowledge about traditional practices in puerperium and infant care. Conclusion: Mothers continue to practice traditional practices for themselves and their babies. Some of these practices start in neonatal period. Mothers should be informed by nurses with a transcultural approach in neonatal period. Observations on traditional practices should be made, trainings should be planned and carried out effectively during postnatal hospitalization and infant-child follow-up.

Keywords: Traditional medicine; newborn; infant care; postpartum period
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