Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
The Effect of Family Characteristics of the Adolescents Upon Their Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors
Ergenlerin Aile Özelliklerinin Sağlıklı Yaşam Tarzı Davranışlarına Etkisi
Bahar KEFELİ ÇOLa, Birsen ALTAYb
aRecep Tayyip Erdoğan University Güneysu Vocational School of Physical Theraphy and Rehabilitation, Rize, TURKEY
bDepartment of Nursing, Ondokuz Mayıs University Faculty of Health Sciences, Samsun, TURKEY
Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2021;13(3):564-71
doi: 10.5336/nurses.2020-78549
Article Language: EN
ABSTRACT
Objective: The current study aimed at evaluating the effect of family characteristics of the adolescents upon their healthy lifestyle behaviors. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 378 high school students were evaluated. As data collection tools; descriptive characteristics form for adolescents and Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale II were employed. Data related to characteristics of adolescents were evaluated by number, percentage and average. To examine the relationship between characteristics of adolescents and scale; variance analysis (ANOVA), t-test and TUKEY test were used as statistical methods. Results: According to the study findings; total mean score of the adolescents for Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale II was 126.31±18.26. In the study; the highest score was obtained from spiritual development while the lowest score was obtained from physical activity. It was identified that there was a statistically significant correlation between family characteristics (family structure, educational status of mother and father, employment status of mother, monthly income level, family relations) (p<0.05). Conclusion: We are of the opinion that study results are important as basic data in demonstrating the effect of family characteristics upon adolescents' health behaviors while nurses are planning programs that will provide healthy lifestyle behaviors and promote health of adolescents. According to these results, we recommend that nurses, while planning health education programs that protect and improve the health of adolescents, first evaluate the family characteristics of this group and form the content of the training program in line with the evaluation results.

Keywords: Adolescents; family; lifestyle; nurses; health behavior
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu araştırma, adölesanların ailesel özelliklerinin sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışları üzerindeki etkisini değerlendirmek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Kesitsel özellikte olan bu araştırmada 378 lise öğrencisi değerlendirilmiştir. Veri toplama aracı olarak adölesanların tanıtıcı özelliklerini değerlendirme formu, Sağlıklı Yaşam Biçimi Davranışları Ölçeği II kullanılmıştır. Adölesanların tanımlayıcı özellikleri sayı, yüzde ve ortalama ile değerlendirildi. Tanımlayıcı özellikler ile ölçek arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemek için varyans analizi (ANOVA), t-testi ve TUKEY testi kullanıldı. Bulgular: Araştırmada elde edilen verilere göre adölesanların Sağlıklı Yaşam Biçimi Davranışları Ölçeği II toplam puan ortalaması 126,31±18,26'dır. Araştırma kapsamında Sağlıklı Yaşam Biçimi Davranışları II ölçek alt boyutlarından en fazla puan manevi gelişim alt boyutundan, en düşük puan ise fiziksel aktivite alt boyutundan almıştır. Adölesanların, ailesel özellikleri (aile yapısı, anne ve baba eğitimi, anne çalışma durumu, aylık gelir düzeyi, aile ilişkisi) ile sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışları ölçek puanları arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı ilişki bulunmuştur (p<0,05). Sonuç: Çalışma sonuçlarının benzer çalışmalara, hemşirelerin adölesan sağlığı geliştirme ve sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışlarını kazandırma programlarını planlarken, ailesel özelliklerin adölesanın sağlık davranışları üzerindeki etkisini göstermek için temel veri oluşturabilmesi açısından önemli olduğu düşünülmektedir. Bu nedenle, sağlıklı yaşam tarzı davranışları sağlayacak ve ergenlerin sağlığını geliştirecek periyodik ancak sürekli sağlık eğitimi programları öneriyoruz.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Adölesan; aile; yaşam tarzı; hemşire; sağlık davranışı
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