Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Preterm Bebek Oral Motor Girişiminin Türkçeye Uyarlanması: Metodolojik Çalışma
Adaptation of Premature Infant Oral Motor Intervention to Turkish: Methodological Study
Selver GÜLERa, Zerrin ÇİĞDEMa
aHasan Kalyoncu Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Gaziantep, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2021;13(3):502-9
doi: 10.5336/nurses.2020-79761
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Amaç: Lessen Knoll tarafından geliştirilen Preterm Bebek Oral Motor Girişimi'nin [Premature Infant Oral Motor Intervention (PIOMI)] Türkçeye uyarlanması amaçlandı. Gereç ve Yöntemler: PIOMI'nın Türkçe dil uyarlaması Mart-Mayıs 2019 tarihleri arasında gerçekleştirildi. Özgün dili İngilizce olan PIOMI'nın dil uyarlaması, çeviri-geri çeviri yöntemi kullanılarak test edildi. Son hâli oluşturulan Türkçe ve İngilizce formlar, Lessen Knoll tarafından değerlendirildi, içerik ve anlam açısından uygun olduğu belirlendi. Daha sonra PIOMI uygulama basamaklarının doğru ve yeterli şekilde uygulandığının değerlendirmesi amacıyla PIOMI uygulama basamaklarını içeren bir video kaydı Lessen Knoll'a elektronik postayla gönderildi. Bulgular: Lessen Knoll uygulamayı ve basamakların doğruluğunu kontrol ederek, PIOMI uygulamasının araştırmacılar tarafından yapılmasını onayladı. PIOMI'nın Türkçe versiyonunun basımı ve kullanımı için izin verdi. Bu doğrultuda, PIOMI Türkiye'de kullanılabilir düzeye ve standarda getirildi. Sonuç: PIOMI; günümüzde yaygın olarak 20 ülkede 60'dan fazla Yenidoğan Yoğun Bakım Ünitesinde kullanılmaktadır. PIOMI, uluslararası olarak test edilmiş 2'si metaanaliz çalışması, 4'ü sistematik inceleme ve 20'si randomize kontrollü çalışma olmak üzere toplam 26 bilimsel makale yayınlanmıştır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Preterm bebek; preterm bebek oral motor girişimi; Türkçe dil uyarlaması
ABSTRACT
Objective: It was aimed to adapt the Premature Infant Oral Motor Intervention (PIOMI) developed by Brenda S. Lessen Knoll into Turkish. Material and Methods: Turkish language adaptation of PIOMI was carried out between March-May 2019. Language adaptation of PIOMI, which original language is English, was tested using translation - back translation method. The final Turkish and English forms were evaluated by Lessen Knoll and it was determined that they were appropriate in terms of content and meaning. Later, a video recording that contain the PIOMI application steps was sent to Lessen Knoll by e-mail in order to evaluate the correct and adequate implementation of the PIOMI application steps. Results: Lessen Knoll checked the application and the accuracy of the steps, made suggestions and approved the implementation of PIOMI by the researchers. She gave permission for the printing and use of the Turkish version of PIOMI. In this context, PIOMI was brought to the available levels and standards in Turkey. Conclusion: PIOMI; today is widely used in more than 60 Neonatal Intensive Care Units in 20 countries. PIOMI has been tested internationally, a total of 26 scientific articles have been published, 2 of which are meta-analysis studies, 4 of which are systematic review and 20 of them randomized controlled studies.

Keywords: Preterm baby; preterm infant oral motor intervention; Turkish language adaptation
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