Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Sports Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Karate Sporcularında Kor Dayanıklılığı ile Reaktif Çeviklik Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi: Bir Deneysel Araştırma
Investigation of the Relationship Between Core Endurance and Reactive Agility in Karate Athletes: An Experimental Research
Tuğba KOCAHANa, Hamitcan GÜRASLANb, Bilal Faruk RENGÜLb, Banu KABAKb Bihter AKINOĞLUc, Adnan HASANOĞLUb
aSağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi Gülhane Tıp Fakültesi, Spor Hekimliği ABD, Ankara, Türkiye
bGençlik ve Spor Bakanlığı, Sporcu Eğitim, Sağlık ve Araştırma Merkezi, Ankara, Türkiye
cAnkara Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Fizyoterapi ve Rehabilitasyon Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye
Turkiye Klinikleri J Sports Sci. 2022;14(2):199-205
doi: 10.5336/sportsci.2021-87281
Article Language: TR
Full Text
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, karate sporcularında kor dayanıklılık ile reaktif çeviklik performansı arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Araştırmaya 17'si (%39,5) kadın 26'sı (%60,5) erkek toplam 43 karate kumite sporcusu dâhil edildi. Çalışma kriterlerine uyan sporcular iki gün içerisinde ölçümlere alındı. İlk gün sporcuların demografik bilgileri alındıktan sonra kor endurans ölçümleri yapıldı. İkinci gün ise çeviklik performansı değerlendirildi. Sporcuların kor dayanıklılığı düz plank, fleksiyon, ekstansiyon, sağ lateral plank ve sol lateral plank pozisyonlarında McGill testi ile değerlendirildi. Çeviklik testleri kapalı bir alanda Speed Court' sisteminde (Globalspeed GmbH, Hemsbach, Almanya) yapıldı. Değişkenler arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemek amacıyla; normal dağılım gösteren sayısal değişkenler için Pearson korelasyon analizi, en az biri normal dağılım göstermeyen değişkenler için Spearman korelasyon analizi kullanıldı. İstatistiksel hata düzeyi p<0,05 olarak belirlendi. Bulgular: Sporcuların kor dayanıklılık testi sonuçları ile reaktif çeviklik testi sonuçları arasındaki ilişki incelendiğinde; reaktif çeviklik testinin çalışma süresi ile sağ ve sol yan plank kor dayanıklılık testi arasında negatif yönde zayıf ve orta derecede ilişki olduğu belirlendi (r=0,344/0,444, p<0,05). Sonuç: Çalışmamız sonucunda, karate sporcularında sağ ve sol kor kaslarının dayanıklılığı arttıkça reaktif çevikliğin arttığı belirlenmiştir. Karate sporunun performans dinamikleri göz önüne alındığında gerekli olan çeviklik performansının artırılmasında antrenman programlarına lateral plank egzersizlerinin eklenmesinin fayda sağlayacağı düşünülmüştür.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Reaktif çeviklik; dayanıklılık; çeviklik
ABSTRACT
Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between core endurance and reactive agility performance in karate athletes. Material and Methods: A total of 43 karate kumite athletes, 17 women (39.5%) 26 men (60.5%) were included in the study. Athletes who met the study criteria were measured within two days. On the first day, after the demographic information of the athletes was obtained, core endurance measurements were made. On the second day, agility performance was evaluated. Core endurance of athletes was evaluated by McGill test in plank position, trunk flexion, trunk extension, right lateral plank and left lateral plank positions. Agility tests were performed in a closed area on the Speed Court' system (Globalspeed GmbH, Hemsbach, Germany). In order to examine the relationship between the variables; Pearson correlation analysis was used for normally distributed numerical variables, and Spearman correlation analysis was used for at least one of the non-normally distributed variables. Statistical significance level was determined as p<0.05. Results: When the relationship between core endurance test results and reactive agility test results of athletes was examined; it was determined that there is a weak and moderate negative correlation between the working time of the reactive agility test and the right and left side plank core endurance test (r=0.344/0.444, p<0.05). Conclusion: As a result of our study, it was determined that as the endurance of the right and left core muscles increased, reactive agility increased in karate athletes. Considering the performance dynamics of karate sport, it is thought that adding lateral plank exercises to training programs will be beneficial in increasing the necessary agility performance.

Keywords: Reactive agility; endurance; agility
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