Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Hemşirelikte İnsan Onuru Algılama ve Anlama Ölçeği Geliştirme
Development of Scale Human Dignity Perception and Understanding in Nursing
Duygu YILDIRIMa, Esra AKIN PALANDÖKENa
aİzmir Kâtip Çelebi Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü Hemşirelik Esasları ABD, İzmir, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2021;13(3):616-28
doi: 10.5336/nurses.2020-79913
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu araştırmanın amacı, hemşirelikte insan onuru kavramını algılama ve anlamanın belirlenmesi için 'Hemşirelikte İnsan Onuru Algılama ve Anlama Ölçeği'nin geliştirilmesidir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Araştırma metodolojik tipte bir araştırmadır. Araştırmanın evrenini, İzmir Kâtip Çelebi Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Bölümü'nde ve Ege Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi'nde öğrenim gören öğrenciler (S=2.162) oluşturmuştur. Evrenin tümü araştırmaya dâhil edilip, örneklem seçimine gidilmemiş ve araştırma ölçek madde sayısının 10 katı olan 520 öğrenci ile tamamlanmıştır. Araştırma verilerinin toplanmasında, 'Öğrenci Tanıtım Formu' ve araştırmacılar tarafından geliştirilen 'Hemşirelikte İnsan Onuru Algılama ve Anlama Ölçeği' kullanılmıştır. Hemşirelikte İnsan Onuru Algılama ve Anlama Ölçeği, araştırmacılar tarafından 'Algılama', 'Bakım' ve 'Anlama' 3 alt boyutu olmak üzere literatürde yer alan, hemşirelikte insan onuru ile ilgili pek çok araştırma incelenerek ve uzman görüşleri alınarak geliştirilmiştir. İlk geliştirildiğinde 76 maddeden oluşan taslak, ölçek uzman görüşleri ve geçerlik analizleri sonucunda önce 52 maddelik şeklini almış sonrasında yapılan geçerlik güvenirlik analizleri neticesinde 43 maddeden oluşmuştur. Bu bağlamda, ölçeğin geliştirilmesinde geçerlik ve güvenirlik testleri kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Ölçeğin Cronbach alfa değeri 0,91 olarak belirlenirken; 'Anlama' alt boyutunun 0,86; 'Bakım' alt boyutunun 0,82; 'Algılama' alt boyutu ise 0,76 olduğu saptanmıştır. Sonuç: Bu araştırma sonucunda, Hemşirelikte İnsan Onuru Algılama ve Anlama Ölçeği'nin geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçek olduğu tespit edilmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Hemşirelik; insan onuru; algılama; anlama; ölçek geliştirme
ABSTRACT
Objective: The aim of this study is to develop the development of Human Dignity Perception and Understanding Scale in order to perception and understand the concept of human dignity in nursing. Material and Methods: The research is a methodological type of research. The population of the study consisted of students (N=2,162) who were studying in the nursing department Ege University and İzmir Katip Çelebi University. All of the population was included in the study and sample selection was not made and the research scale was completed with 520 students who were 10 times the number of items. In order to collect research data, 'Student Description Form' and 'Scale of Human Dignity Perception and Understanding in Nursing' developed by the researchers were used. Scale of Human Dignity Perception and Understanding in Nursing has been developed in three sub-dimensions that 'Perception' and 'Care' and 'Understanding' by was examined many research related to the human dignity in nursing in the literature and taking expert opinions. Scale of Human Dignity Perception and Understanding in Nursing consisting of 76 items was developed. When it was first developed, the draft scale, consisting of 76 items, had 52 items as a result of expert opinions and validity analyzes, and then the reliability reliability analysis result 43 items. Results: While the Cronbach alpha value of the scale was determined as 0.91; the 'understanding' sub-dimension Cronbach alpha value was found to be 0.86; 0.82 for the 'Care' sub-dimension; 0.76 for the 'perception' sub-dimension. Conclusion: According to these data, it was determined that Scale of Human Dignity Perception and Understanding in Nursing is a valid and reliable scale.

Keywords: Nursing; human dignity; perception; understanding; development of scale
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