Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Hemşirelerde Girişimcilik Düzeyi ve İlişkili Faktörlerin Belirlenmesi
Determination of Entrepreneurship Level and Related Factors in Nurses
Arzu BAHARa, Elem KOCAÇALb, Hacer AKc, Gül BÜLBÜL MARAŞd
aYüksek İhtisas Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Esasları ABD, Ankara, TÜRKİYE
bİzmir Demokrasi Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Esasları ABD, İzmir, TÜRKİYE
Dr. Ceyhun Nuri Kliniği, Ankara, TÜRKİYE
cİzmir Demokrasi Üniversitesi Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu, Yaşlı Bakım Programı, İzmir, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2021;13(2):295-302
doi: 10.5336/nurses.2020-76627
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Amaç: Araştırma, hemşirelerin girişimcilik düzeyi ve girişimcilik düzeyini etkileyen faktörlerin incelenmesi amacıyla yapılmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Bu tanımlayıcı ve kesitsel araştırma, Mart-Ekim 2015 tarihleri arasında Ankara'da Turgut Özal Üniversite Hastanesi ile Yenimahalle Devlet Hastanesi'nde yürütülmüştür. Araştırmanın evrenini üniversite hastanesinde çalışan 145 ve devlet hastanesinde görev yapan 130 olmak üzere toplam 275 hemşire oluşturmuştur. Araştırmada herhangi bir örneklem seçim yöntemine gidilmemiş olup, tüm evren örnekleme dâhil edilmiştir. Hemşirelerin araştırmaya katılma oranı %78,5'tir. Verilerin toplanmasında, 'Kişisel Bilgi Formu' ve 'Girişimcilik Ölçeği' kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde sayı, yüzdelik, ortalama, standart sapma, varyans analizi, t-testi, korelasyon analizi ve Tukey 'post hoc' testi kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Hemşirelerin yaş ortalaması 30,99±8,00 olup, %93,5'i kadındır. Araştırmaya katılan hemşirelerin Girişimcilik Ölçeği'nden elde edilen puan ortalaması 128,62±1,42 puan olarak bulunmuştur. Hemşirelerin ölçekten aldığı puanlar değerlendirildiğinde, %71,31'inin yüksek düzeyde girişimci olduğu saptanmıştır. Girişimcilik puan ortalamaları ile yaş (p=0,038), eğitim (p=0,015), mesleki deneyim yılı (p=0,018), çalışılan hastane türü (p=0,012) ve girişimcilik ile ilgili ders alma durumu (p=0,040) arasında anlamlı bir fark bulunurken; cinsiyet değişkeni ile anlamlı fark bulunmamıştır (p=0,959). Sonuç: Araştırmamızda, hemşirelerin yüksek düzeyde girişimci olduğu ortaya konmuştur. Araştırma sonucunda, girişimcilik düzeyinin belirlenmesine yönelik farklı hemşire gruplarıyla yürütülecek çalışmaların yapılması önerilmektedir. Girişimciliğin artırılmasına yönelik lisans eğitiminde ve mezuniyet sonrası hizmet içi eğitimlerde girişimcilik konusuna yer verilmesi uygun olacaktır.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Girişimcilik; hemşireler; hemşirelik
ABSTRACT
Objective: The study was conducted to examine the entrepreneurship level and the factors affecting the entrepreneurship level of nurses. Material and Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted between March-October 2015 in Turgut Özal University Hospital and Yenimahalle State Hospital in Ankara. The universe of the study consisted of a total of 275 nurses, 145 working in the university hospital and 130 working in the state hospital. No sample selection method was used in the study, and the whole population was included in the sampling. The rate of participation of the nurses in the research is 78.5%. "Personal Information Form" and "Entrepreneurship Scale" were used for data collection. The number, percentage, mean, standard deviation, variance analysis, t-test, correlation analysis and Tukey post hoc test were used for data analysis. Results: The mean age of the nurses is 30.99±8.00 and 93.5% of them are women. The mean score obtained from the Entrepreneurship Scale of the nurses participating in the study was found to be 128.62±1.42 points. When the scores of the nurses from the scale are evaluated, it was determined that 71.31% of them are high level entrepreneurs. While there was a significant difference between the entrepreneurship mean scores and age (p=0.038), education (p=0.015), years of professional experience (p=0.012), the type of hospital they worked (p=0.018), and the status of taking courses related to entrepreneurship (p=0.040) respectively; no significant difference was found with the gender variable (p=0.959). Conclusion: Our study revealed that nurses are highly entrepreneurial. It would be appropriate to include the subject of entrepreneurship in undergraduate education and post-graduation in-service training aimed at increasing entrepreneurship. As a result of the study, it is suggested to conduct studies with different nurse groups to determine the level of entrepreneurship.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship; nurses; nursing
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-It is not responsible for other websites’ contents it cannot control or the harms they may cause although it uses the connection they provided.

Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. may block the website to users in the following events:

-Information with wrong, incomplete, deceiving or immoral expressions is recorded to the website,

-Proclamation, advertisement, announcement, libelous expressions are used against natural person or legal identity,

-During various attacks to the website,

-Disruption of the website because of a virus.

Written, visual and audible materials of the website, including the code and the software are under protection by legal legislation.

Without the written consent of Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. the information on the website cannot be downloaded, changed, reproduced, copied, republished, posted or distributed.

All rights of the software and the design of the website belong to Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc.

Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. will be pleased to hear your comments about our terms of use. Please share the subjects you think may enrich our website or if there is any problem regarding our website.

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