Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Uyku İnancı Ölçeği Türkçe Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışması: Metodolojik Çalışma
Turkish Validity and Reliability of the Sleep Belief Scale: Methodological Study
Ülkü DEMİRKAN YAPARa, Fatma BİRGİLİb
aMuğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Uyku Merkezi Ünitesi, Muğla, TÜRKİYE
bMuğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Hemşirelik Esasları ABD, Muğla, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2021;13(3):605-15
doi: 10.5336/nurses.2020-78838
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Amaç: Araştırma, Uyku İnancı Ölçeği'nin Türkçe geçerlik ve güvenirliğini değerlendirmek amacıyla metodolojik olarak yapılmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Araştırma, Ocak-Mart 2020 tarihleri arasında araştırmacı tarafından Muğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi Eğitim Araştırma Hastanesi dahili ve cerrahi birimleriyle yoğun bakım ve acil, dahiliye ve cerrahi polikliniklerinde çalışan hemşirelerin katılımıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmanın evrenini 487 hemşire, örneklemini ise ölçeğin madde sayısının 10 katı alınarak 200 hemşire oluşturmuştur. Araştırmada veriler demografik özellikleri ve Uyku İnanç Ölçeği'ni içeren anket formu ile yüz yüze görüşme tekniğiyle toplanmıştır. Veri toplama formlarının doldurulma süresi ortalama 20 dk sürmüştür. Verilerin değerlendirilmesinde IBM SPSS AMOS V20 paket program kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Ölçeğin dil geçerliği çeviri-geri çeviri yöntemi kullanarak sağlanmıştır. Kapsam geçerliği için 10 uzmandan görüş alınmış ve Kapsam Geçerlik İndeksi 0,99 olarak bulunmuştur. Ölçeğin yapı geçerliğinin tespitinde, Açımlayıcı Faktör Analizi ve Doğrulayıcı Faktör Analizi yöntemi kullanılmıştır. Faktör analizi sonucunda Türkçe uyarlamada elde edilen ölçek 20 maddeden ve 3 alt boyuttan oluşmaktadır. Ölçeğin alt boyutları orijinal ölçekten farklı yapılanma göstermiştir. Elde edilen ölçeğe ilişkin alt boyutlar: 'Uyku Döngüsü Davranışı', 'Uyku İle İlgili Tutum', 'Uyku ile Uyumsuz Alışkanlıklar' şeklinde adlandırılmıştır. Ölçeğin güvenirliği iç tutarlılık (madde istatistikleri ve testi yarılama) ve değişmezlik (test-tekrar test) ile incelenmiştir. Ölçeğin iç tutarlılık Cronbach alfa katsayısı 0,798 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Uyku İnanç Ölçeği maddeleri arasında önemli bir korelasyon (ilişki) olduğu saptanmıştır (p<0,05). Araştırmada Uyku İnanç Ölçeği'nin test-tekrar test ölçek toplam puan korelasyonu 0,858 olarak bulunmuştur. Sonuç: Uyku İnanç Ölçeği'nin Türkçeye uyarlama çalışması sonucunda elde edilen ölçek, geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçüm aracıdır. Ölçek, bireylerin uyku inancının belirlenmesi amacıyla kullanılabilir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Uyku; uyku inancı; ölçek; tutum; güvenilirlik ve geçerlilik
ABSTRACT
Objective: The study was conducted methodologically in order to evaluate the Turkish adaptation, validity and reliability of Sleep Belief Scale. Material and Methods: The research was carried out by the researcher between January and March 2020 with the participation of nurses working in the internal and surgical units of Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University Training and Research Hospital, intensive care and emergency, internal medicine and surgery outpatient clinics. The universe of the study consisted of 487 nurses, the number of items in the scale was 20, and 200 nurses formed the sample of the study, taking 10 times the number of items. In the study, the data were collected by face-to-face interview technique with a questionnaire including demographic characteristics and sleep belief scale. It took an average of 20 minutes to fill in the data collection forms. IBM SPSS AMOS V20 package program was used to evaluate the data. Results: Language validity of the scale was provided by using translation-back translation method. Ten experts were consulted for the content validity and the Content Validity Index was found to be 0.99. Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis method was used to determine the construct validity of the scale. The scale obtained in the Turkish adaptation as a result of factor analysis consists of 20 items and 3 sub-dimensions. The sub-dimensions of the scale showed a different structuring than the original scale. The sub-dimensions related to the scale obtained were named as 'Sleep Cycle Behavior', 'Attitude Related to Sleep', 'Habits Incompatible with Sleep'. The reliability of the scale was examined by internal consistency (item statistics and test halving) and invariance (test-retest). The internal consistency Cronbach Alpha coefficient of the scale was calculated as 0.798. It was determined that there is a significant correlation between sleep belief scale items (p<0.05). Test-retest scale total score correlation of Sleep Belief Scale was found 0.858 in the study. Conclusion: The scale obtained as a result of the adaptation study of Sleep Belief Scale into Turkish is a valid and reliable measurement tool. The scale can be used to determine the sleep belief of individuals.

Keywords: Sleep; sleep belief; scale; attitude; reliability and validity
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