Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences

.: REVIEW
Tip 2 Diyabet Öz Yönetiminin Güçlendirilmesinde Mobil Sağlık Uygulamalarının Kullanımı: Literatür Derlemesi
Use of Mobile Health Applications in Strengthening Type 2 Diabetes Self Management: Literature Review
Merve YÜKSELa, Hicran BEKTAŞa
aAkdeniz Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, İç Hastalıkları Hemşireliği ABD, Antalya, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2021;13(2):424-34
doi: 10.5336/nurses.2020-77016
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Tip 2 diyabetli bireylerde, glisemik kontrolün ve etkin yaşam tarzı değişikliğinin sağlanması ve öz yönetimin güçlendirilmesi için mobil sağlık uygulamalarının kullanılması önemlidir. Bu literatür derlemesinin amacı, Tip 2 diyabet öz yönetiminin güçlendirilmesinde kullanılan mobil sağlık uygulamalarının etkinliğinin belirlenmesidir. Mart ve Mayıs 2020 tarihleri arasında; PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Scopus, ULAKBİM Ulusal Veri Tabanı ve Medline veri tabanlarında 'mobil sağlık, mobil uygulamalar, Tip 2 diyabet, diyabet öz yönetimi, hemşirelik' anahtar kelimeleriyle tarama yapılmıştır. Tarama sonucunda, 525 makaleye ulaşılmıştır. Örneklemini, 18 yaş üzeri ve Tip 2 diyabetli bireylerin oluşturduğu, mobil sağlık uygulamalarının etkinliğinin değerlendirildiği, Türkçe veya İngilizce dilinde çalışmalar incelenmiştir. Tam metnine ulaşılabilen ve İngilizce dilindeki sistematik derleme, metaanaliz ve randomize kontrollü toplam 34 çalışma literatür derlemesine dâhil edilmiştir. Son yıllarda Tip 2 diyabetli bireylerin tedavi ve bakım yönetimi için mobil sağlık uygulamaları giderek daha fazla kullanılmaktadır. Yapılan çalışmalarda, mobil sağlık uygulamalarının, Tip 2 diyabetli bireylerde diyete uyum, düzenli kan şekeri takibi, düzenli fiziksel aktivite, ilaç gereksiniminde ve HbA1c düzeylerinde azalma gibi öz yönetimin güçlendirilmesine katkı sağladığı vurgulanmaktadır. Mobil sağlık uygulamalarıyla yüz yüze danışmanlık süresinin ve sağlık maliyetlerinin azaldığı belirtilmektedir. Tip 2 diyabetli bireylerin öz yönetiminin güçlendirilebilmesi ve diyabet ilişkili komplikasyonların azaltılabilmesi için kanıt temelli mobil sağlık uygulamalarının kullanımı konusunda bireylerin hemşireler tarafından bilgilendirilmesi, düzenli ve sürekli eğitim ile desteklemesi önemlidir. Son dönemde, dünyada ve ülkemizde görülen pandemi nedeniyle, mobil sağlık uygulamalarının günlük hayatımızdaki ve kronik hastalık yönetimindeki önemi daha da belirginleşmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Diyabet öz yönetimi; hemşirelik; mobil uygulamalar; mobil sağlık; Tip 2 diyabet
ABSTRACT
It is important to use mobile health apps to ensure glycemic control and effective lifestyle change and strengthen selfmanagement in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this literature review is to determine the effectiveness of mobile healthcare applications used to strengthen type 2 diabetes self-management. Between March and May 2020, a search was conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Scopus, ULAKBIM National Database and Medline databases with the keywords "mobile health, mobile applications, type 2 diabetes, diabetes self-management, nursing". Studies in Turkish or English, which included individuals over the age of 18 and with type 2 diabetes, and evaluating the effectiveness of mobile health applications, were examined. A total of 34 English language systematic reviews, meta-analysis, and randomized controlled studies, whose full text is available, have been included in the literature review. In recent years, mobile health applications are increasingly used for the treatment and care management of individuals with type 2 diabetes. In studies conducted, it is emphasized that mobile health practices contribute to strengthening self-management, such as diet compliance, regular blood sugar monitoring, regular physical activity, decrease in drug requirement, and HbA1c levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes. It is stated that face to face counseling time and health costs are reduced with mobile health applications. To strengthen the self-management of individuals with type 2 diabetes and reduce diabetes-related complications, it is important that nurses are informed about the use of evidence-based mobile health applications and that they support them with regular and continuous education. Due to the pandemic in the world and our country recently, the importance of mobile health applications in our daily life and chronic disease management has become more evident.

Keywords: Diabetes self-management; nursing; mobile applications; mobile health; type 2 diabetes
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4.9. "Turkiye Klinikleri" may use the information provided to them by the "USERS" through the "SITE" in line with the terms of the "PRIVACY POLICY" and "USER CONTRACT". It may process the information or classify and save them on a database. "Turkiye Klinikleri" may also use the USER's or visitor's identity, address, e-mail address, phone number, IP number, which sections of the "SITE" they visited, domain type, browser type, date and time information to provide statistical evaluation and customized services.

5. PROPRIETARY RIGHTS

5.1. The information accessed through this "SITE" or provided by the users legally and all the elements (including but not limited to design, text, image, html code and other codes) of the "SITE" (all of them will be called as studies tied to "Turkiye Klinikleri"s copyrights) belongs to "Turkiye Klinikleri". Users do not have the right to resell, process, share, distribute, display or give someone permission to access or to use the "Turkiye Klinikleri" services, "Turkiye Klinikleri" information and the products under copyright protection by "Turkiye Klinikleri". Within hereby "Terms of Use" unless explicitly permitted by "Turkiye Klinikleri" nobody can reproduce, process, distribute or produce or prepare any study from those under "Turkiye Klinikleri" copyright protection.

5.2. Within hereby "Terms of Use", "Turkiye Klinikleri" reserves the rights for "Turkiye Klinikleri" services, "Turkiye Klinikleri" information, the products associated with "Turkiye Klinikleri" copyrights, "Turkiye Klinikleri" trademarks, "Turkiye Klinikleri" trade looks or its all rights for other entity and information it has through this website unless it is explicitly authorized by "Turkiye Klinikleri".

6. CHANGES IN THE TERMS OF USE

"Turkiye Klinikleri" in its sole discretion may change the hereby "Terms of Use" anytime announcing within the "SITE". The changed terms of the hereby "Terms of Use" will become valid when they are announced. Hereby "Terms of Use" cannot be changed by unilateral declarations of users.

7. FORCE MAJEURE

"Turkiye Klinikleri" is not responsible for executing late or never of this hereby "Terms of Use", privacy policy and "USER Contract" in any situation legally taken into account as force majeure. Being late or failure of performance or non-defaulting of this and similar cases like this will not be the case from the viewpoint of "Turkiye Klinikleri", and "Turkiye Klinikleri" will not have any damage liability for these situations. "Force majeure" term will be regarded as outside of the concerned party's reasonable control and any situation that "Turkiye Klinikleri" cannot prevent even though it shows due diligence. Also, force majeure situations include but not limited to natural disasters, rebellion, war, strike, communication problems, infrastructure and internet failure, power cut and bad weather conditions.

8. LAW AND AUTHORISATION TO FOLLOW

Turkish Law will be applied in practicing, interpreting the hereby "Terms of Use" and managing the emerging legal relationships within this "Terms of Use" in case of finding element of foreignness, except for the rules of Turkish conflict of laws. Ankara Courts and Enforcement Offices are entitled in any controversy happened or may happen due to hereby contract.

9. CLOSING AND AGREEMENT

Hereby "Terms of Use" come into force when announced in the "SITE" by "Turkiye Klinikleri". The users are regarded to agree to hereby contract terms by using the "SITE". "Turkiye Klinikleri" may change the contract terms and the changes will be come into force by specifying the version number and the date of change on time it is published in the "SITE".

 

30.03.2014

Privacy Policy

We recommend you to read the terms of use below before you visit our website. In case you agree these terms, following our rules will be to your favor. Please read our Terms of Use thoroughly.

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com website belongs to Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. and is designed in order to inform physicians in the field of health

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com cannot reach to user’s identity, address, service providers or other information. The users may send this information to the website through forms if they would like to. However, www.turkiyeklinikleri.com may collect your hardware and software information. The information consists of your IP address, browser type, operating system, domain name, access time, and related websites. www.turkiyeklinikleri.com cannot sell the provided user information (your name, e-mail address, home and work address, phone number) to the third parties, publish it publicly, or keep it in the website. Gathered information has a directing feature to be a source for the website’s visitor profile, reporting and promotion of the services.

www.turkiyeklinikleri.com uses the taken information:

-To enhance, improve and maintain the quality of the website

-To generate visitor’s profile and statistical data

-To determine the tendency of the visitors on using our website

-To send print publications/correspondences

-To send press releases or notifications through e-mail

-To generate a list for an event or competition

By using www.turkiyeklinikleri.com you are considered to agree that;

-Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. cannot be hold responsible for any user’s illegal and immoral behavior,

-Terms of use may change from time to time,

-It is not responsible for other websites’ contents it cannot control or the harms they may cause although it uses the connection they provided.

Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. may block the website to users in the following events:

-Information with wrong, incomplete, deceiving or immoral expressions is recorded to the website,

-Proclamation, advertisement, announcement, libelous expressions are used against natural person or legal identity,

-During various attacks to the website,

-Disruption of the website because of a virus.

Written, visual and audible materials of the website, including the code and the software are under protection by legal legislation.

Without the written consent of Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. the information on the website cannot be downloaded, changed, reproduced, copied, republished, posted or distributed.

All rights of the software and the design of the website belong to Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc.

Ortadoğu Advertisement Presentation Publishing Tourism Education Architecture Industry and Trade Inc. will be pleased to hear your comments about our terms of use. Please share the subjects you think may enrich our website or if there is any problem regarding our website.

info@turkiyeklinikleri.com