Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
The Effect of Educational Video-Based Intervention on Nutrition and Physical Activity in High School Students on Healthy Lifestyle Behavors: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Lise Öğrencilerinde Beslenme ve Fiziksel Aktivite Konulu Eğitici Video Tabanlı Müdahalenin Sağlıklı Yaşam Tarzına Etkisi: Randomize Kontrollü Bir Çalışma
Hülya BİLMEZa, Mehmet Ali KURÇERb, Zeynep ERDOĞANc
aTaşköprü Vocational and Technical Anatolian High School, Kastamonu, TURKEY
bDepartment of Public Health, Bülent Ecevit University Faculty of Medicine, Zonguldak, TURKEY
cDepartment of Nursing, Bülent Ecevit University Ahmet Erdoğan Vocational School of Health Services, Zonguldak, TURKEY
Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2021;13(3):556-63
doi: 10.5336/nurses.2020-79595
Article Language: EN
ABSTRACT
Objective: The aim of this randomized controlled trial is to determine the effect of using healthy lifestyle promoting films, documentaries and videos on HL behaviors in Health High School students. Material and Methods: The population of the study consists of 194 students who attended a Vocational and Technical Anatolian High School in the tenth, eleventh, twelfth grade. The intervention group of the study consists of 100 students and the control group consists of 94 students. Socio-demographic data form and Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Scale-II pre-test were applied to the intervention group before the videos, and post-test was applied 3 months later. In the control group, the same questionnaires were applied as a pre-test and after 3 months, post-test was applied without any videos being watched. Results: In the 11th grade intervention group, there was a significant difference between the pretest and posttest mean scores compared to the control group (p=0.003). In both genders, there was a significant difference between the mean scores of the scale in the nutrition and health responsibility subscales of the intervention group compared to the control group (p=0.001). The intervention group scored significantly higher than the Interpersonal relationship subscale of the scale compared to the control group (p=0.001). Conclusion: Videos were found to be more effective in the 11th grade. It was found that watching instructional videos was effective in developing healthy eating habits.

Keywords: Health promotion; healthy lifestyle behaviors; educational videos and films; high school students; adolescent
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu randomize kontrollü çalışmanın amacı, sağlık meslek lisesinde öğrenim gören öğrencilerde sağlıklı yaşamı teşvik edici film, belgesel ve videolar kullanmanın sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışları üzerine etkisini belirlemektir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Bu çalışmanın örneklemini bir mesleki ve teknik Anadolu lisesinde öğrenim gören, 194 10-11-12. sınıf öğrencisi oluşturmuştur. Müdahale grubu 100, kontrol grubu ise 94 öğrencidir. Müdahale grubuna videolardan önce sosyodemografik veri formu ve Sağlıklı Yaşam Biçimi Davranışları Ölçeği-II ön-test uygulanıp, 3 ay sonra ise son-test uygulanmıştır. Kontrol grubuna ise aynı anketler ön-test olarak uygulanıp, hiçbir video izletilmeden, 3 ay sonra son-test uygulanmıştır. Bulgular: On birinci sınıf müdahale grubunda kontrol grubuna göre ön-test ve son-test puan ortalamaları arasında anlamlı fark vardır (p=0,003). İki cinsiyette de ölçeğin beslenme ve sağlık sorumluluğu alt ölçeklerinde müdahale grubunun, kontrol grubuna göre puan ortalamaları arasında anlamlı fark vardır (p=0,001). Müdahale grubu, kontrol grubuna göre ölçeğin kişiler arası ilişki alt ölçeğinden anlamlı düzeyde yüksek puan almıştır (p=0,001). Sonuç: Videoların 11. sınıflarda daha etkili olduğu görülmüştür. Sağlıklı beslenme alışkanlığının geliştirilmesinde ve sağlık sorumluluğu kazandırılmasında izletilen eğitici videoların yararlı olduğu görülmüştür.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Sağlığı geliştirme; sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışları; eğitici video ve filmler; lise öğrencileri; adölesan
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