Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Sağlık Profesyoneli Adaylarında Sosyal Medya Bağımlılığının Nomofobiye Etkisi
The Effect of Social Media Addiction on Nomophobia in Health Professional Candidates
Hacer ÜNVERa, Tuğba Enise BENLİa, Zeynep ÜNVERb
aİnönü Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Ebelik Bölümü, Malatya, TÜRKİYE
bCumhuriyet Üniversitesi Suşehri Hemşirelik Yüksekokulu, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Sivas, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2021;13(3):526-32
doi: 10.5336/nurses.2020-79138
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Amaç: Gençler arasında sosyal medya kullanımının oldukça yaygınlaştığı bilinmektedir. Bu durumun, özellikle sağlık profesyoneli adayları arasında, ileride hasta bakım kalitesinde risk oluşturması bakımından önemli olduğu belirtilmektedir. Bu nedenle sağlık profesyoneli adaylarında sosyal medya bağımlılığının değerlendirilerek, telefonsuz kalma korkusu anlamına gelen nomofobiye etkisinin belirlenmesinin gerekli olduğu görülmektedir. Araştırma, sağlık bilimlerindeki öğrencilerin, sosyal medya bağımlılığının nomofobiye olan etkisinibelirlemek amacıyla yapıldı. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Tanımlayıcı tipte yapılan araştırma, İnönü Üniversitesi'nin Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültelerinde eğitimi devam eden 580 öğrenci ile Haziran 2020 ve Temmuz 2020 tarihler arasında yapıldı. Verilerin toplanmasında kişisel tanıtım formu, sosyal medya bağımlılığı ölçeği, nomofobi ölçeği kullanıldı. Verilerin değerlendirilmesinde, tanımlayıcı istatistiksel yöntemlerin yanı sıra Pearson korelasyon analizi ve lineer regresyon analizi kullanıldı. Bulgular: Öğrencilerin yaş ortalamasının 20,56±2,03 olduğu, %42,4'ünün 2. sınıfta öğrenim gördüğü, %82,2'sinin cinsiyetinin kız olduğu, %49'unun hemşirelik bölümünde öğrenim gördüğü, %75,7'sinin çekirdek aile yapısında olduğu, %57,6'sının yaşamını en çok ilde geçirdiği, %89,3'ünün ekonomik durumunun orta düzeyde olduğu belirlendi. Araştırmada, öğrencilerin %98,6'sının sosyal medya kullandığı, %74,8'inin istediği zaman ve %93,1'inin her gün internete bağlandığı saptandı. Yapılan ileri analiz sonucunda, sosyal medya bağımlılığının nomofobiyi açıklamada istatistiksel öneme sahip olduğu (p<0,05) ve sosyal medya bağımlılığının, nomofobiyi %9 oranında açıkladığı belirlendi. Ayrıca sosyal medya bağımlılığı ile nomofobi arasında istatistiksel olarak pozitif yönde güçlü bir ilişki olduğu belirlendi (p˂0,05). Sonuç: Araştırmamızda, sağlık profesyonelleri adaylarında orta düzeyde nomofobi yaşandığı ve sosyal medya bağımlılığının, nomofobiyi etkilediği belirlenmiştir. Sağlık profesyoneli adaylarında, nomofobi ve sosyal medya bağımlılığı düzeyi belirlenip, bu konuda eğitimler düzenlenerek, sağlık profesyoneli adaylarının farkındalık kazanmalarını sağlamanın önemli olacağı düşünülmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Üniversite öğrencileri; sosyal medya; internet
ABSTRACT
Objective: It is known that the use of social media among young people is quite common. It is stated that this situation is especially important among candidates for healthcare professionals, as it poses a risk in future patient care quality. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate social media addiction in healthcare professional candidates and to determine its effect on nomophobia. The research was conducted to determine the effect of social media addiction of health sciences students on nomophobia. Material and Methods: The descriptive study was conducted between June 2020 and July 2020 with 580 students continuing their education in the Faculties of Nursing and Health Sciences of Inonu University. Personal introduction form, social media addiction scale, and nomophobia scale were used to collect data. Pearson correlation analysis and linear regression analysis were used as well as descriptive statistical methods in the evaluation of the data. Results: The average age of the students was 20.56±2.03, 42.4% of them were studying in the second grade, 82.2% were female, 49% were studying in the nursing department, 75.7% were core family structure. It was determined that 57.6% of them spent most of their lives in the province, and 89.3% of them had a moderate economic status. In the study, it was determined that 98.6% of the students use smart phones, 74.8% use the internet whenever they want and 93.1% every day. As a result of further analysis, it was determined that social media addiction had a statistical significance in explaining nomophobia (p<0.05) and social media addiction explained nomophobia by 9%. In addition, it was determined that there is a statistically positive strong relationship between social media addiction and nomophobia (p˂0.05). Conclusion: In our study, it was determined that healthcare professionals candidates experience moderate nomophobia and social media addiction affects nomophobia. It is thought that it will be important to determine the level of nomophobia and social media addiction in healthcare professional candidates and to raise awareness among healthcare professional candidates by organizing trainings on this subject.

Keywords: University students; social media; internet
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