Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Eşler Arasındaki İletişim Becerilerinin Kadına Yönelik Aile İçi Şiddete Etkisi
The Effect of Communication Skills Between Spouses on Domestic Violence Against Women
Aysel A. ÖZDEMİRa, Funda KAVAK BUDAKa
aİnönü Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Ruh Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Hemşireliği ABD, Malatya, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2021;13(2):406-11
doi: 10.5336/nurses.2020-77190
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Amaç: Bu araştırma, eşler arasındaki iletişim becerilerinin kadına yönelik aile içi şiddete etkisini belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: İlişki arayıcı ve regresyonel bir tasarımda yapılan araştırmanın verileri, Malatya Yeşilyurt'a bağlı bir aile sağlığı merkezindeki (ASM) uygun görüşme odalarında Ekim 2019 ve Aralık 2019 tarihleri arasında yüz yüze görüşme yöntemi ile toplandı. Araştırma için örneklem büyüklüğü yapılan güç analizi sonucunda; 0,05 yanılgı, 0,95 güven aralığında ve 0,8 evreni temsil etme yeteneği ile 358 evli kadın olarak belirlenmiştir. ASM'deki evli kadınlar kayıt numaralarına göre listelenip, basit rastgele örnekleme yöntemiyle seçilmiştir. Verilerin toplanmasında, kadınların tanımlayıcı özelliklerini içeren anket formu, Aile İçi Kadına Yönelik Şiddet Ölçeği ve İletişim Becerileri Envanteri kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde, demografik özelliklerin belirlenmesinde sayı ve yüzde kullanıldı. Ölçeklerin toplam puan ortalamalarının belirlenmesinde, aritmetik ortalama kullanıldı. Ölçeklerin karşılaştırılmasında, korelasyon analizi ve lineer regresyon analizi kullanıldı. Bulgular: Araştırmaya katılan kadınların %82,9'u 18-50 yaş aralığında iken, eşlerin %74,9'u 18-50 yaş aralığındadır. Kadınların %74,6'sı 0-17 yıldır evli; %48,9'unun 1-2 çocuk sahibi olduğu; %56,7'sinin gelir durumunun iyi olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Araştırmaya katılan kadınların iletişim toplam puanı 69,06±8,55; şiddet toplam puanı 118,77±12,82 olarak bulunmuştur. Araştırmaya katılan kadınların iletişim toplam puanı ile şiddet toplam puanı arasında istatistiksel olarak negatif yönde güçlü bir ilişki olduğu (p<0,05) ve eşler arasındaki iletişimin, kadına yönelik şiddeti %55 oranında açıkladığı saptanmıştır. Sonuç: Araştırmaya katılan kadınların iletişim becerilerinin azalmaya, aile içi şiddet oranlarının yükselmeye yönelik olduğu belirlenmiştir. Eşler arasındaki iletişim becerilerini artırmak ve kadına yönelik aile içi şiddeti azaltmak için evlilik öncesi iletişimi arttırmaya ve şiddeti önlemeye yönelik eğitimlerin planlanması ve uygulanması gerekmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Evlilik; aile içi şiddet; iletişim
ABSTRACT
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the effect of communication skills between spouses on domestic violence against women. Material and Methods: The data of the research, conducted in a relational and regressional design, were collected by face-to-face interview method between October 2019 and December 2019 in suitable meeting rooms in a family health center (FHC) in Malatya Yeşilyurt. Sample size as a result of power analysis in the research; 358 married women were determined with a mistake of 0.05, a confidence interval of 0.95 and the ability to represent a population of 0.8. Married women in FHC were listed according to their registration numbers and selected by simple random sampling method. In collecting the data, a questionnaire containing descriptive characteristics of women, the Domestic Violence Against Women Scale and the Communication Skills Inventory were used. In the analysis of the data; number and percentage were used to determine demographic characteristics. Arithmetic mean was used to determine the total mean scores of the scales. Correlation analysis and linear regression analysis were used to compare the scales. Results: While 82.9% of the women participating in the study are between the ages of 18-50, 74.9% of the spouses are between the ages of 18-50. 74.6% of women have been married for 0-17 years; 48.9% have 1-2 child; 56.7% of them have been found to have good income. The total communication score of the women participating in the study was 69.06±8.55 (low level); the total score of violence was found to be 118.77±12.82 (high level). It has been determined that there is a statistically strong negative correlation between the communication total score and the violence total score of the women participating in the study (p<0.05) and the communication between the spouses explains the violence against women by 55%. Conclusion: It was determined that the communication skills of the women participating in the study were decreasing and the rates of domestic violence increased. In order to increase communication skills between spouses and to decrease domestic violence against women, it is necessary to plan and implement trainings to increase pre-marital communication and prevent violence.

Keywords: Marriage; domestic violence; communication
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