Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Erken Adölesan Dönemde Çocukların İnternet Kullanım Alışkanlıkları ve Psikososyal Sağlık Durumlarının İncelenmesi
Investigation of Internet Usage Habits and Psycho-Social Health Status of Children in Early Adolescence
Fatma AVŞARa, Sultan AYAZ-ALKAYAa
aGazi Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü Halk Sağlığı Hemşireliği, Ankara, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2021;13(2):258-65
doi: 10.5336/nurses.2020-78416
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Amaç: İnternet hayatın vazgeçilmez bir parçası hâline gelmiştir ve pek çok sağlık sorununa neden olmaktadır. Bu araştırma, erken adölesan dönemde çocukların internet kullanım alışkanlıkları ve psikososyal sağlık durumlarının incelenmesi amacıyla yapılmıştır. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Araştırma tanımlayıcı ve ilişkisel tasarım ile gerçekleştirilmiştir. Araştırmanın evrenini Ankara Yenimahalle Hacı Mustafa Tarman Ortaokulu'nda öğrenim gören 6. ve 7. sınıf öğrencileri oluşturmuştur. Araştırmanın örneklemine 260 öğrenci dâhil edilmiştir. Veriler anket formu, İnternet Kullanma Alışkanlıkları (İKA) ölçeği, Psikososyal ve Davranış Sorunları Kontrol Listesi (PDS-17) ile toplanmıştır. Verilerin analizinde sayı, yüzde, medyan, minimum, maksimum, Mann-Whitney U, KruskalWallis ve 'post hoc' Tamhane T2 testi ve Spearman korelasyon analizi kullanılmıştır. Analizlerde anlamlılık seviyesi 0,05 kabul edilmiştir. Bulgular: Öğrencilerin, yaş ortalamasının 12,66±0,62, 128 (%49,2)'inin erkek olduğu saptanmıştır. Öğrencilerin 150 (%57,7)'sinin günde ≤2 saat internet kullandığı, 145 (%55,6)'inin tek oturuşta 15-45 dk internet kullandığı belirlenmiştir. Öğrencilerin İKA ölçeği medyan değeri 78,00 (19- 142), PDS-17 kontrol listesi medyan değeri 7,00 (0-34)'dir. Öğrencilerin 49 (%18,8)'unda psikososyal problem riski olduğu belirlenmiştir. Öğrencilerin, internet kullanım alışkanlıkları ile psikososyal sorun riski arasında orta düzeyde negatif yönde anlamlı doğrusal bir ilişki saptanmıştır (r= -0,319, p=0,001). Sonuç: Öğrencilerin, internet kullanım alışkanlıklarının yüksek olduğu ve yaklaşık her 5 öğrenciden birinde psikososyal problem riski olduğu belirlenmiştir. Öğrencilerin, internet kullanım alışkanlığı azaldıkça psikososyal sorun riskinin azaldığı bulunmuştur.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Adölesan; erken adölesan; internet; psikososyal sağlık
ABSTRACT
Objective: Internet has become an indispensable of life and can cause many health problems. This research was carried out to investigate the internet usage habits and psychosocial health status in early adolescence. Material and Methods: The research was carried out descriptive and correlational. The sample of the study included 260, who are 6th and 7th aged, students at Ankara Yenimahalle Haci Mustafa Tarman Secondary School. The data were collected with socio-demographic characteristics, the Internet Use Habit Scale (IUH) and Pediatric Symptom Checklist-17 (PSC-17). The analysis was used with a number, percentage, median, min-max, Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis H and Post-Hoc Tamhane's T2 tests, and Spearman correlation. The significance level was accepted as 0.05. Results: The students' mean age was 12.66±0.62, and 128 (49.2%) of them were male. 150 (57.7%) of the students used the Internet for 0-2 hours a day, 145 (55.6%) used the Internet for 15-45 minutes in one sitting. The median score of the students' for IUH scale was 78.00 (19-142), and for PSC-17 checklist was 7.00 (0-34). Also, 49 (18.8%) of the students had a risk of psychosocial problems. A moderately negative correlation was found between students' internet usage and the risk of psycho-social problems (r=-0.319, p=0.001). Conclusion: Students' Internet usage habits were high. Approximately one out of every five students had a risk of psychosocial problems. As the internet usage habits of the students decreased, the risk of psychosocial problems decreased.

Keywords: Adolescent; early adolesence; internet; psychosocial health
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