Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Nursing Sciences

.: ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Ameliyathanede Çalışan Sağlık Profesyonellerinin Cerrahi Dumanın Riskleri ve Koruyucu Önlemlerine Yönelik Görüşleri: Nitel Bir Çalışma
Views of Health Professionals Working in the Operating Room on Risks of Surgical Smoke and Protective Measures: A Qualitative Study
Ayşe Gül ATAY DOYĞACIa, Aysun DOĞANa, Nalan ÖZHAN ELBAŞb, Alican ÖZHANc
aBaşkent Üniversitesi Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu, Ameliyathane Hizmetleri, Ankara, TÜRKİYE
bBaşkent Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Ankara, TÜRKİYE
cBaşkent Üniversitesi Ankara Hastanesi, Hemşirelik Hizmetleri Müdürlüğü, Ankara, TÜRKİYE
Turkiye Klinikleri J Nurs Sci. 2021;13(3):468-76
doi: 10.5336/nurses.2020-79958
Article Language: TR
ÖZET
Amaç: Ameliyathane ortamında çalışan sağlık profesyonellerinin, cerrahi dumanın riskleri ve koruyucu önlemlerine yönelik görüşlerinin belirlenmesidir. Gereç ve Yöntemler: Tanımlayıcı ve niteliksel araştırma türlerinden fenomenolojik yöntem kullanılarak yapılan bir araştırmadır. Başkent Üniversitesi Ankara Hastanesi'nin Ameliyathane Ünitesinde 1-31 Temmuz 2019 ta rihleri arasında yapılmıştır. Örneklem kapsamına, kaç sağlık çalışanının ele alınacağı ile ilgili kesin bir sınır konulmamıştır. Katılımcıların sayısı ile verilerin doygunluğunun sağlanması sonucunda 15 kişi ile görüşme yapılmıştır. Veriler, sağlık çalışanları ile birebir yarı yapılandırılmış, derinlemesine görüşme yöntemi kullanılarak toplanmıştır. Görüşme sırasında verilerinin toplanmasında 'Sağlık Çalışanı Bilgi Formu' ve 'Yarı Yapılandırılmış Görüşme Formu' kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizinde, QDA Miner programında tematik analiz yönteminden yararlanılmıştır. Bulgular: Tematik analiz yöntemi kullanılarak, araştırmanın sonuçları 3 ana ve 8 alt tema şeklinde sınıflandırılmıştır. 'Cerrahi dumanı bilme, cerrahi dumanı önleme ve cerrahi dumanı yönetme' ana temaları oluştururken; 'farkındalık, öğrenme yolu, bilgiyi uygulamaya dönüştürme, uygulamanın sürdürebilirliği, bilgiye ulaşmayı sağlama, gerekli önleyici ekipmanı sağlama, periyodik muayene ve denetleme' alt temaları oluşturmaktadır. Sonuç: Katılımcılar, eğitim süreçlerinde cerrahi dumanla ilgili bir eğitim almadıklarını, bu nedenle mesleğe başladıklarında kendilerini korumada dikkat edilmesi gereken faktörlere önem vermediklerini ifade etmişlerdir. Bu nedenle cerrahi dumandan korunmak için yazılı talimatların oluşturulması, koruyucu ekipmanların sağlanması, hizmet içi eğitimlerin verilmesi ve belirlenen kuralların uygulanırlık durumlarının değerlendirilmesi önerilmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Cerrahi duman; ameliyathane; hekim; hemşire; ameliyathane teknikeri
ABSTRACT
Objective: To determine the opinions of healthcare professionals working in the operating room about the risks and preventive measures of surgical smoke. Material and Methods: It is a research conducted using phenomenological method, which is one of the descriptive and qualitative research types. It was held in the Operating Room Unit of Başkent University Ankara Hospital between 1-31 July 2019. There is no strict limit on how many healthcare professionals will be included in the sample. As a result of ensuring the saturation of the number of participants, 15 people were interviewed. The data were collected using one-to-one semi-structured, in-depth interview method with healthcare professionals. 'Healthcare Professional Information Form' and 'Semi-Structured Interview Form' were used to collect data during the interview. In analyzing the data, thematic analysis method was used in the QDA Miner program. Results: By using thematic analysis method, the results of the research were classified into 3 main and 8 sub-themes. While 'knowing surgical smoke, preventing surgical smoke and managing surgical smoke' constitutes the main themes; 'awareness, learning path, transformation of knowledge into practice, sustainability of application, providing access to information, providing necessary preventive equipment, periodic inspection and inspection' constitute sub-themes. Conclusion: Participants stated that they did not receive a training on surgical smoke during their training process, so they did not attach importance to the factors that should be considered in protecting themselves when they started their profession. For this reason, it is recommended to create written instructions for protection from surgical smoke, to provide protective equipment, to provide in-service training and to evaluate the application of the determined rules.

Keywords: Surgical smoke; operating room; doctor; nurse; surgical technician
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